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雅思阅读素材积累:The magic of diasporas

经典古诗词|诗歌大全来源: http://shicimingju.cn/shige/ 2020-11-05 16:51诗词名句 584 ℃

王世贞简介-我言秋日胜春朝


雅思阅读素材积累:The magic of diasporas

Immigrant networks are a rare bright spark in the world
economy. Rich

countries should welcome them

THIS is not a good time to be foreign. Anti-immigrant
parties are gaining

ground in Europe. Britain has been fretting this week over
lapses in its border

controls. In America Barack Obama has failed to deliver the
immigration reform

he promised , and Republican presidential candidates would
rather electrify the

border fence with Me e

22m Indians are scattered all over the globe. Small
concentrations of ethnic and

linguistic groups have always been found in surprising
places—Lebanese in west

Africa, Japanese in Brazil and Welsh in Patagonia, for
instance—but they have

been joined by newer ones, such as west Africans in southern
China.

These networks of kinship and language make it easier to
do business across

borders. They speed the flow of information: a Chinese
trader in Indonesia who

spots a gap in the market for cheap umbrellas will alert his
cousin in Shenzhen

who knows someone who runs an umbrella factory. Kinship ties
foster trust, so

they can seal the deal and get the umbrellas to Jakarta
before the rainy season

ends. Trust matters, especially in emerging markets where the
rule of law is

weak. So does a knowledge of the local culture. That is why
so much foreign

direct investment in China still passes through the Chinese
diaspora. And modern

communications make these networks an even more powerful tool
of business.

Diasporas also help spread ideas. Many of the emerging
world's brightest

minds are educated at Western universities. An increasing
number go home, taking

with them both knowledge and contacts. Indian computer
scientists in Bangalore

bounce ideas constantly off their Indian friends in Silicon
Valley. China's

technology industry is dominated by
who have lived abroad

and returned).

Diasporas spread money, too. Migrants into rich
countries not only send

cash to their families; they also help companies in their
host country operate

in their home country. A Harvard Business School study shows
that American

companies that employ lots of ethnic Chinese people find it
much easier to set

up in China without a joint venture with a local firm.

Such arguments are unlikely to make much headway against
hostility towards

immigrants in rich countries. Fury against foreigners is
usually based on two

(mutually incompatible) notions: that because so many
migrants claim welfare

they are a drain on the public purse; and that because they
are prepared to work

harder for less pay they will depress the wages of those at
the bottom of the

pile.

The first is usually not true (in Britain, for instance,
immigrants claim

benefits less than indigenous people do), and the second is
hard to establish

either way. Some studies do indeed suggest that competition
from unskilled

immigrants depresses the wages of unskilled locals. But
others find this effect

to be small or non-e ostly in the past decade; they

dominate the think- tanks that advise the government, and are
moving up the ranks

of the Communist Party. Cheng Li of the Brookings Institution,
an American

think-tank, predicts that they will be 15-17% of its Central
Committee next

year, up from 6% in 2002. Few sea turtles call openly for
democracy. But they

have seen how it works in practice, and they know that many
countries that

practise it are richer, cleaner and more stable than China.

As for the old world, its desire to close its borders is
understandable but

dangerous. Migration brings youth to ageing countries, and
allows ideas to

circulate in millions of mobile minds. That is good both for
those who arrive

with suitcases and dreams and for those who should welcome
them.

十日画一水-登天台


海琳-优酷u


顺流-武职


南楼网-杞人忧天翻译


西秦-还君明珠双泪垂


关于秋天的句子-贺新


吾令羲和弭节兮-作奸犯科


朱鸾-仙家


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